— TOP STORY —
In the case of the arrest on a knife charge and subsequent death of Freddie Gray in Baltimore, Baltimore State's Attorney Marilyn Mosby charged that Freddie Gray was falsely arrested and that the knife in his pocket was not an illegal switchblade. Subsequently, Mosby filed murder charges against one officer while five others are being charged with crimes including manslaughter and assault. | For More...
— ARCHERY —
Danish compound archer and Carbon Express Pro Staffer Stephan Hansen sets a new Junior World Record. | For More...
— COAST GUARD —
The Coast Guard and the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency are conducting a joint investigation into the circumstances surrounding the events in Mobile Bay on Saturday during the Dauphin Island Regatta | For More...
— COMPETITIONS —
SureFire LLC, manufacturer of high-end illumination tools and tactical products congratulates Maggie Reese on on her third first place finish in the Open Division at the USPSA MultiGun National Championship. | For More...
— CONTESTS —
Alien Gear Holsters has announced its Galactic Green Handgun Giveaway. Contestants can enter for a chance to win by uploading a fun video featuring their Alien Gear Holster to Youtube. The top video submissions will be selected, then voted on by Alien Gear fans at the beginning of June. | For More...
GSM Outdoors announces the winner of the Second Annual Trophy Turkey Hunt Sweepstakes with The Sportsman's Guide. | For More...
— EARNINGS —
Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. (NYSE: RGR) will file its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q today (Monday, May 4, 2015), after the close of the stock market. The company's annual meeting of stockholders will be broadcast on Tuesday, May 5 beginning at 9 a.m. EST. | For More...
— ENDANGERED SPECIES —
NOAA Fisheries Service's Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office hosts and participates in Endangered Species Day events throughout May and into June. | For More...
— FISHERIES —
The Recreational Fishing Alliance Connecticut Chapter (RFA-CT) is working with the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CTDEEP) to implement a tagging program during the 2015 spring/early summer closed tautog season. | For More...
Maine state legislators announced Friday that the New England Fishery Management Council (NEFMC) voted down the proposal to close 55-square-mile of Stellwagen Bank to recreational anglers, charter boats, and for hire vessels. | For More...
— GEAR —
With the introduction of the new Bow and Gear Hoist, HSS has addressed the issue of how to safely, silently and quickly get a bow or other gear into a treestand. | For More...
— INDUSTRY —
SAFARI Magazine, Safari Club International's flagship publication was awarded the 2015 Silver Communicator Award of Distinction for overall magazine design. | For More...
Dead Air Armament, distributed through BPI Outdoors, announces its first monthly post a selfie and win a silencer contest called #TurnUpTheSelfie. | For More...
Jeff Samson, of Middle Ridge, Newfoundland, has been awarded the coveted Pope & Young Club's Ishi' Award, the highest honor the Pope and Young Club can bestow upon a bowhunter. This honor is awarded only when a truly outstanding North American big game trophy animal is deserving of recognition. | For More...
SportDOG Brand has announced the hiring of Britney Starr as the company's new Marketing Specialist. | For More...
Ramcat Broadheads announces High Impact Promotions as it's selection for sales representation for the Western United States, joining Non-Typical Outdoors Sales, it's sales reps for the Midwest. | For More...
— LEGISLATION —
Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam has signed three pro-gun bills into law. As a result, a lifetime carry permit has been established, schools are prohibited from requiring information from students or parents regarding firearms ownership and chief law enforcement officers have been given a time limit on the approval process for applicants for NFA restricted devices. | For More...
— ONLINE —
This week, the guys cover a topic that many listeners find to be one of the core of the entire show--how to build an Ar-15 from scratch. | For More...
— PARTNERSHIPS —
Otis Technology has renewed their business membership with U.S. Sportsmen's Alliance at the $2,500 President's Club level. | For More...
— PROMOTIONS —
The Berkley Experience Trailer is headed to Lake Havasu City, Arizona, and the B.A.S.S. Elite Series at Lake Havasu, May 8-10. | For More...
— PUBLISHING —
The latest publication from Living Ready, an imprint of F+W Media, Survival Savvy Family provides the answers to several questions that helping families plan for unexpected events without being overwhelmed. | For More...
Paul G. Markel puts two decades of professional bodyguard and executive security experience into this essential strategy manual for providing Event Security. Special events require you to assess the mission, tour the facility, create a mission statement, determine the staffing needs and fill those needs, set the security plan, train everyone to the standard, and then supervise - all in a very short timeframe. | For More...
— RADIO —
Armed American Radio, with Mark Walters, now heard in hundreds of cities across America on over 150 stations has recently added Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. | For More...
— RETAIL —
Beretta's third United States Gallery location opened this past week inside the Bass Pro Shops Memphis Pyramid, in Memphis, Tennessee. | For More...
Yamaha Marine Group announces the "Wake Up the Season" sales event, a promotion that offers consumers up to $500 in dealer credit toward the purchase of goods and/or services when they purchase a select new eligible Yamaha four-stroke outboard. | For More...
— SAFETY NOTICES —
Yesterday, Michigan DNR officials announced that an evacuation order that was in effect due to the St. Helen Trail Fire in Ogemaw County has been lifted and residents can return to their homes. Safety concerns with large equipment and fire hazards, however, kept the Ogemaw Trails ORV Trail closed. | For More...
— SHOOTING COMPETITIONS —
Dean Rodgers of Papillion-LaVista, Nebraska won the Cornhusker Cup at the 46th Cornhusker Trapshoot on Saturday. | For More...
Safariland® congratulates team member Maggie Reese on her recent overall Ladies Open Division win and applauds Michael Voigt with his fifth place overall in the Open Division at the USPSA MultiGun Nationals. | For More...
— SHOOTING RANGES —
The Fred C. Babcock/Cecil M. Webb Shooting Range in Charlotte County, managed by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC), will close from May 4-8 for regularly scheduled maintenance of its impact berms. | For More...
— SPONSORSHIPS —
The National Rifle Association announces MidwayUSA as title sponsor of its 2015 National Action Pistol Championship, May 20-23, 2015 in Columbia, Missouri. | For More...
— STATES —
The Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources will conduct its spring auction of surplus and confiscated items May 4 at department headquarters in Frankfort. | For More...
No license is required to fish any public freshwater lake, pond, reservoir, river, or stream statewide from 12:00 A.M. Saturday June 6 until 11:59 P.M. Sunday June 7, 2015. | For More...
A total of 920 permits will be available within seven hunting zones across the state for the ten day season which begins August 28 and runs through September 7. | For More...
Florida's red grouper recreational bag limit will change from four to two fish per person in Gulf of Mexico state and federal waters, excluding Monroe County, on May 7. | For More...
The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) Waterfowl Section, in partnership with LSU's School of Renewable Natural Resources, has begun a survey of Louisiana waterfowl hunters which asks for input on waterfowl hunting activity, experience with the past hunting season, satisfaction with recent zones and zone boundaries, potential new zone boundaries, and attitudes on particular policies. | For More...
The Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks (MDWFP) will host it's annual memorial service on May 14 at MDWFP headquarters in Jackson to honor and remember those Conservation Officers who have made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty. | For More...
Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker was presented with a Henry Big Boy Steel .44 Magnum rifle at the Fiftieth Annual Governor's Fishing Opener on May 1, 2015. The rifle was manufactured at Henry Repeating Arms' plant in Rice Lake, WI. It features custom serial number WGF50 in honor of the event. | For More...
— TECHNOLOGY —
Combining the advantages of Broadband Radar and traditional pulse radar systems, Simrad's new HALO provides navigational visibility and awareness, as close as 20-feet, within the pulse radar's short-range "blind spot" while offering long-range performance up to 72 nautical miles. | For More...
— TELEVISION —
From high-end gunsmithing tips to instruction from master firearms instructor Massad Ayoob, the first season of Modern Shooter on the Sportsman Channel was a wild ride. And viewers get one more shot to enjoy the best of this riveting TV show. | For More...
— TOURISM —
Beginning May 16 and running through September 27, Mad River Rafting Tours offers a roster of river trips ranging from tranquil to wild and exhilarating, great for families, couples and groups of all kinds, all beginning just two miles south of town square in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. | For More...
— WASHINGTON —
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources has approved a bill sponsored by Rep. Don Young (R-Alaska), H.R. 1335, to reauthorize the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSA), which addresses top priorities of the recreational fishing community. | For More...
— YOUTH —
This year's NWTF/JAKES Essay Contest winner, Adam Newton, joined Kan. Gov. Sam Brownback, Brownback's son, and more than 70 other hunters for the governor's invitation-only event, April 16-18. | For More...
As Horseshoe Crabs Near Mating Season, A Bit of Background
Editor's Note: Today's feature comes to The Outdoor Wires from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC).
Ancestors of horseshoe crabs date back over 450 million years--long before the age of the dinosaurs.
Four species of horseshoe crabs exist today. Only one species, Limulus polyphemus, is found in North America along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts from Maine to Mexico. The other three species are found in Southeast Asia. Horseshoe crabs are not true crabs at all. Horseshoe crabs are more closely related to arachnids (a group that includes spiders and scorpions) than to crustaceans (a group that includes true crabs, lobsters, and shrimp). Horseshoe crabs are often called "living fossils" because fossils of their ancestors date back almost 450 million years--that's 200 million years before dinosaurs existed.
Despite inhabiting the planet for so long, horseshoe crab body forms have changed very little over all of those years.
The strange anatomy of the horseshoe crab is one of this animal's most notable aspects. Unfortunately, the long, thin, spike-like tail of horseshoe crabs has given this species an unfavorable reputation. Many people view horseshoe crabs as dangerous animals because they have sharp tails. In reality, horseshoe crabs are harmless. Their tails are used primarily to flip themselves upright if they are accidentally overturned.
Horseshoe crabs nesting on Florida BeachHorseshoe crabs nest on beaches in Florida and mid-Atlantic states.
Horseshoe crabs are known for their large nesting aggregations, or groups, on beaches particularly in mid-Atlantic states such as Delaware, New Jersey and Maryland in the spring and summer. Horseshoe crabs can nest year-round in Florida, with peak spawning occurring in the spring and fall. When mating, male horseshoe crabs move parallel to the shoreline on sandy flats and intercept females as they pass by. A male attaches himself to the top of a female's shell by using his specialized front claws, in a position known as amplexus, and together they crawl to the beach. The male fertilizes the eggs as the female lays them in a nest in the sand. Some males (called satellite males) do not attach to females but still have success to fertilizing the female's eggs as they swarm around the amplexed pair. Most of this nesting activity takes place during high tides in the three days before and after a new or full moon.
Horseshoe crab larvae emerge from their nests several weeks after the eggs are laid. Juvenile horseshoe crabs resemble adults except that their tails are proportionally smaller. The young and adult horseshoe crabs spend most of their time on the sandy bottoms of intertidal flats or zones above the low tide mark and feed on variousinvertebrates.
Why are horseshoe crabs important?
Horseshoe crabs are an important part of the ecology of coastal communities. During the nesting season, especially in the mid-Atlantic States, horseshoe crab eggs become the major food source for migrating birds. Over 50 percent of the diet of many shorebird species consists of horseshoe crab eggs. Many bird species in Florida have been observed feeding on horseshoe crab eggs. In addition, many fish species rely on horseshoe crab eggs for food.
Horseshoe crabs are extremely important to the biomedical industry because their unique, copper-based blue blood contains a substance called Limulus amebocyte lysate. The substance, which coagulates in the presence of small amounts of bacterial toxins, is used to test for sterility of medical equipment and virtually all intravenous drugs. Research on the compound eyes of horseshoe crabs has led to a better understanding of human vision. The marine life fishery collects live horseshoe crabs for resale as aquarium, research, or educational specimens, and the American eel and whelk fisheries use horseshoe crabs extensively as bait along many parts of the Atlantic coast.
Threats to horseshoe crabs and research efforts
Horseshoe crab numbers are declining throughout much of the species' range. In 1998, The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission developed a Horseshoe Crab Fishery Management Plan that requires all Atlantic coastal states to identify horseshoe crab nesting beaches. Currently, with the help of the public, biologists at the Fish and Wildlife Research Institute are trying to document nesting sites of horseshoe crabs throughout the state. If you are interested in becoming more involved with the horseshoe crab survey, please visit the Survey for Horseshoe Crab Nesting Beaches in Florida for more information.
NRA Whittington Center, Raton, NM
Kentucky Fair & Exposition Center, Louisville, Kentucky
Tom Lee Park, Downtown, Memphis, TN
Table Rock Lake, Missouri
Kentucky's Salato Nature Center, #1 Game Farmfarm Rd, Frankfort, KY
Green Valley Rifle & Pistol Club, Columbia, MO
Coshocton Sportsmen's Club, Coshocton, Ohio
Hilton City Center, Milwaukee, WI
Heartland Public Shooting Park, Grand Island, NE
Grand Lake, Oklahoma
Augusta Archers, Staunton, Virginia
CrossRoads Shooting Sports, Johnstown, Iowa
World Shooting Complex, Sparta, IL
Hamilton Rod & Gun, Sturbridge, Massachusetts
Coon Hunters Association, Batavia, New York
Straight Thru Archery, Aurora, Minnesota
Capital City Bowmen, Olympia, Washington
World Shooting and Recreation Complex, Sparta, Illinois
NFAA Headquarters, Yankton, South Dakota
Sparta Rod & Gun Club, Sparta, Wisconsin
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